Historical ACA Highlights

The ACA has shared the chiropractic profession’s enthusiasm for positive public relations for many years. In fact, no organization has done as much for positioning doctors of chiropractic as health and wellness experts in the eyes of the public as the ACA has.

Below you’ll find some historical highlights of ACA’s public relations efforts since August of 2003.

ACA public relations highlights since August 2003

Articles featuring ACA spokespersons in major publications are not only informative, they help to place doctors of chiropractic as health and wellness experts in the eyes of the public. Interview opportunities such as these are made possible in part by the helpful health tips and information ACA supplies to the mass media, whether on backpack safety, snow shoveling, posture, or other important issues.

    • May 2004: Woman’s World Features Touching Chiropractic Success Story
      Woman’s World magazine published a moving story of a woman who found relief from trigeminal neuralgia – a painful condition that made her unable to smile – thanks to chiropractic care. Woman’s World published the story in its May 11, 2004 issue after contacting the ACA for information. In the article, ACA national spokesperson Jerome McAndrews, DC, provides a list of not-so-obvious ailments that chiropractic has been shown to improve. The article also provides ACA’s Web address, through which prospective patients can locate ACA members like you in their communities.


    • May 2004: Delicious Living Urges Readers to ‘Consider Chiropractic Care’
      Delicious Living magazine quotes Dr. McAndrews in a May 2004 article titled “6 Natural Ways to Beat Back Pain.” Among the six recommendations provided in the article is the suggestion that readers “consider chiropractic care.” Dr. McAndrews helps to explain chiropractic in layperson’s terms.


    • April 2004: Newsweek Contacts ACA, Exposes Dangers of Unnecessary Back Surgeries
      In its April 26 issue, Newsweek published a thought-provoking cover story on the unfortunate proliferation of unnecessary back surgeries. The story, titled “The Great Back Debate,” discusses a variety of alternatives to traditional medical intervention for back pain. The article explains that chiropractic care is the most popular non-surgical option for treating back pain, and that many patients find relief thanks to chiropractic. Prior to publishing the article, Newsweek contacted ACA to obtain facts for the piece.


    • March 2004: Journal of Quality Health Care Agrees to Publish ACA Response to Negative Article
      The Journal of Quality Health Care (JQHC), a peer-reviewed publication of the American Board of Quality Assurance and Utilization Review Physicians, has agreed to publish ACA’s official response to a “biased and misleading” article in the journal’s January/March 2004 issue. In the article, Preston H. Long, PhD, attempts to draw a connection between spinal manipulation and stroke while downplaying the efficacy of the treatment. The April/June 2004 issue of JQHC will contain ACA’s response, which criticizes Long for disregarding “a plethora of research supporting the efficacy and safety of spinal manipulation.”


    • February 2004: ACA Discusses Chiropractic & Aging in Washington Post
      ACA spokesperson Jerome McAndrews, DC, is quoted in the February 3, 2004 edition of the Washington Post in an article about height loss as a result of aging. ACA media relations staff arranged the interview earlier this month. The article’s author explains that, “Chiropractic may also be able to stop or reverse height loss.” The complete article, including the quotes.


    • January 2004: CBS Early Show Relies on ACA Tips for Segment on Better Sleep
      The CBS Early Show contacted the ACA this month in search of tips on how to get a good night’s sleep. In addition to utilizing ACA’s information in the program, the CBS Early Show’s Web site also provided a link to ACA’s sleep tips, which can be found.


    • December 2003: ACA Speaks on Baltimore’s WBAL Radio about the Physical Strains of Holiday Shopping
      WBAL Radio in Baltimore interviewed ACA’s national spokesperson, Dr. Jerome McAndrews, on-air about ways to stay safe and healthy during the frantic holiday shopping season. The interview resulted from ACA’s news release on holiday safety tips.


  • November 2003: Reader’s Digest Wellness Guide Directs Readers to ACA
    Page 6 of the November 2003 issue of Reader’s Digest directs its multitude of readers to the Reader’s Digest’s online “Staying Well Resource Guide,” which includes ACA’s Web address and toll-free phone number. Consumers who logon to ACA’s Web site or call ACA’s toll-free number can quickly and easily located ACA members-like you-in their communities. The guide also lists ACA as one of a handful of health organizations offering health information and consumer tips to the public.


Important Chiropractic Articles and Mentions

Over the years, chiropractic has come a long way. In many areas of western medicine, this alternative practice may have been looked at skeptically by doctors that studied mainstream methods. It took many years for this area of medicine to be featured in the media. Below are some examples of chiropractic care articles that were featured in the media, and which helped to educate the public and improve overall public opinion of this area of medicine.


Real Simple Magazine Promotes Chiropractic, Directs Readers to ACA’s Web Site
An article in the October edition of Real Simple magazine discusses treatments-including chiropractic care-for back pain. The article indicates that research is bearing out what we have known all along-that chiropractic works. Although the article includes an unfortunate caveat, the story does offer ACA’s Web site as a vehicle for finding more information. Through the Find-A-Doctor section of ACA’s Web site, patients can locate ACA members-like you-in their communities. The Find-A-Doctor section continues to be one of the most popular features among visitors to our Web site.

ACA Discusses Physical Challenges of Commuting to Work on Washington, DC’s Highest-Rated News Radio Station
An on-air interview between ACA’s national spokesperson, Dr. Jerome McAndrews, and WTOP radio in Washington, DC, focused on the physical challenges of long commutes to and from work. WTOP is the highest-rated news radio station-and highest-rated AM station-in our nation’s capital. The segment, in which Dr. McAndrews discusses ways to deal with the harmful effects that driving long distances in a car can have on one’s body, aired three times during WTOP’s “morning drive” time on Oct. 17.

St. Petersburg Times Promotes Chiropractic Care for Back Pain
ACA Spokesperson Dr. Jerome McAndrews spoke with the St. Petersburg Times in late October on the topic of unnecessary, over-prescribed back surgeries, resulting in a very balanced portrayal of the role chiropractic care can play in treating people with back pain. According to the Oct. 28 article, “The AHCPR concluded that spinal manipulation, the trademark skill of a chiropractor, seems to relieve back pain. Since then, increasing numbers of people have turned to chiropractors for relief of back pain”.

Detroit News Prints ACA’s Letter to Editor
On Oct. 9, the Detroit News printed ACA’s letter to the editor in response to an article that contained several erroneous statements about chiropractic care. While the article did offer some positive insights, it contained enough misinformation from a particular medical doctor that ACA was compelled to respond. To read the letter to the Detroit News.

High-Tech News Releases Send Chiropractic Message Out to Millions
ACA packed a “one-two” public relations punch in September, developing and distributing an exciting “multimedia news release” (MNR) on backpack safety and an informative “audio news release” (ANR) on Spinal Health Month and the benefits of chiropractic care. The MNR was delivered to more than 6,100 major media outlets and Web sites, as well as a Web site for professional journalists that boasts more than 60,000 registered users. Meanwhile, the audio news release has been delivered to the nation’s top 1,000 radio stations based on market and audience size.

The multimedia news release delivers news-in this case ACA’s backpack safety package-with the impact of video footage, Internet links, text and more. Past president of ACA’s Council on Occupational Health, Dr. Scott Bautch, is featured in the video portion of the release. He was filmed at a school in his hometown in Wisconsin, discussing the importance of proper backpack use and also showing local schoolchildren how to wear backpacks without hurting themselves. To view ACA’s backpack safety MNR. The audio news release-used to promote Spinal Health Month and chiropractic care-was estimated to have been heard by more than 1.5 million radio listeners. The audio news release is a scripted, professionally produced, one-minute audio package with sound bites from ACA President Dr. Donald Krippendorf. The release also includes voiceover narration formatted to fit radio newscasts.

ACA’s Gardening Tips Continue to Generate Media Interest
ACA’s gardening tips have always been popular with the national press. This month, the Detroit News, Healthscout.com, DrKoop.com, the Connecticut Post and the Dayton Daily News each covered ACA’s gardening tips. For a look at ACA’s patient-centered tip sheet on gardening that inspired this media coverage.

U.S. News and World Report Quotes ACA
The August 11, 2003 issue of the national weekly news magazine U.S. News and World Report includes an article on “messenger bags” and backpacks in which Dr. Scott Bautch, past president of ACA’s Council on Occupational Health, is quoted. Dr. Bautch mentions in the article that the trendy messenger bag could cause postural problems since it does not have waist straps to help distribute the weight of the bag evenly on the body.

Other Recent News:

Chiropractor North York has written some additional articles on chiropractic care statistics that are worth a read. Contact them for more info.

Back Pain Statistics

Although doctors of chiropractic (DCs) care for more than just back pain, many patients visit DCs looking for relief from this pervasive condition.

Thirty-one million Americans have low back pain at any given time (1). One half of all working Americans admit to having back symptoms each year (2). One third of all Americans over age 18 had a back problem in the past five years severe enough for them to seek professional help (3). And the cost of this care is estimated to be a staggering $50 Billion yearly–and that’s just for the more easily identified costs! (4).

These are just some of the astounding facts about Americans and their miserable backs! Is there any wonder why some experts estimate that as many as 80% of all of us will experience a back problem at some time in our lives? (5).

Because back problems are this common it’s probably going to happen to you too! Shouldn’t you find out what to do about it before it happens rather than after? Why wait until you’re hurting to learn about your treatment options?

When you’re hurting you may not give this important decision the time and attention it needs to make the best choice. Here are the facts about manipulation as a treatment for back problems:

Manipulation is one of several established forms of treatment used for back problems. Used primarily by Doctors of Chiropractic (DCs) for the last century, manipulation has been largely ignored by most others in the health care community until recently. Now, with today’s growing emphasis on treatment and cost effectiveness, manipulation is receiving much more widespread attention. In fact, after an extensive study of all currently available care for low back problems, the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research–a federal government research organization–recommended that low back pain suffers choose the most conservative care first. And it recommended spinal manipulation as the ONLY safe and effective, DRUGLESS form of initial professional treatment for acute low back problems in adults! (6). Chiropractic manipulation, also frequently called the chiropractic adjustment, is the form of manipulation that has been most extensively used by Americans for the last one hundred years. (7). Satisfied chiropractic patients already know that DCs are uniquely trained and experienced in diagnosing back problems and are the doctors most skilled in using manipulation for the treatment of back pain and related disorders (8). As a public service, the American Chiropractic Association (ACA) urges you to make an informed choice about your back care. To learn more about the federal government’s recommendations and how chiropractic manipulation may help you, contact a Doctor of Chiropractic in your area.

Health and Wellness Tips

Doctors of chiropractic believe that prevention is the key to health and wellness.

Chiropractors Offer Help and Hope to Children with Attention Deficit Disorder

In the past decade, prescriptions for Ritalin, a stimulant medication commonly used for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), increased five-fold, with 90 percent of all prescriptions worldwide consumed in the United States. As many parents grow leery of the traditional medical approach to ADHD, doctors of chiropractic are offering promising results with non-drug treatments.

Your Child Has Ear Problems?
Chiropractic Can Help Water, Water Everywhere…

Ear problems can be excruciatingly painful, especially in children; in other cases, a disorder related to the ear can render a patient so dizzy that simply standing up is a challenge. For some conditions of the ear, chiropractic adjustment/spinal manipulation and adjunctive therapies offer relief when traditional therapies have failed.
Americans are dehydrated. “We all know that we are supposed to drink between six and eight glasses of water a day, but very few of us do it. Everyone is drinking carbonated drinks and tea and coffee, instead,” says J. Michael Flynn, DC. As we learn more about the importance of water—and about the impurities or contaminants that it may carry—many Americans are thinking seriously about what comes out of the tap.

Chiropractic can help in many areas including:

Back Pain
Computer Ergonomics
Ear Problems
High Heels/Fashion
Holiday Survival
Hormone Replacement
Kids and Sports
Leaf Raking
Musculoskeletal Health
Organ Donation
Posture Pitfalls
Senior Fitness
Snow Shoveling/Winter Activities
Weed Trimmers

Frequently Asked Questions


Q. How many doctors of chiropractic (DCs) are in my state?
What is the ratio of DCs to the population in my state?
Which states allow DCs to practice a particular modality?
A. FCLB maintains statistics on the licenses issued by state.

FCLB also includes a synopsis of each state’s Scope of Practice in its directory, which is available online.

Contact the chiropractic association in your state for more information as well. Click here for a list of state associations

Q. How many doctors of chiropractic practice in the US?
A. According to a December 1997 report produced by the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research titled, “Chiropractic in the United States: Training, Practice and Research,” there were approximately 50,000 doctors of chiropractic licensed in the United States in 1994. A recent study estimated that the number of chiropractors will double by the year 2010 to over 100,000 – far exceeding the 16 percent increase projected for medical doctors.¹
Q. How many Americans visit doctors of chiropractic per year?
A. According to results of a survey published in the November 11, 1998 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, approximately 11 percent of the population had visited a doctor of chiropractic in the previous year.² According to the US Census Bureau, today there are approximately 288 million people in the United States.³ Assuming the 11% annual figure has remained unchanged, the number of people who visit a chiropractor every year is now approximately 31.6 million.

Chiropractic Research

Evidence for the Effectiveness of Chiropractic

Numerous studies throughout the world have shown that chiropractic treatment, including manipulative therapy and spinal adjustment, is both safe and effective. Many other studies have shown that chiropractic care can contain costs and get workers back on the job in less time than other treatments. The following are excerpts from a few of the more recent studies:

For Acute Low-Back Problems:
“For patients with acute low-back symptoms without radiculopathy, the scientific evidence suggests spinal manipulation is effective in reducing pain and perhaps speeding recovery within the first month of symptoms.” – Clinical Practice Guidelines, AHCPR (1994)

For Long-Term Low-Back Problems:
“There is strong evidence that manipulation is more effective than a placebo treatment for chronic low-back pain or than usual care by the general practitioner, bed rest, analgesics and massage.” – Spine, Van Tulder and Bouter et al. (1997)

“…improvement in all patients at three years was about 29% more in those treated by chiropractors than in those treated by the hospitals. The beneficial effect of chiropractic on pain was particularly clear.” – British Medical Journal, Meade et al. (1995)

“Manipulative therapy and physiotherapy are better than general practitioner and placebo treatment. Furthermore, manipulative therapy is slightly better than physiotherapy after 12 months.” – British Medical Journal, Koes et al. (1992)

For Pain:
“…patients suffering from back and/or neck complaints experience chiropractic care as an effective means of resolving or ameliorating pain and functional impairments, thus reinforcing previous results showing the benefits of chiropractic treatment for back and neck pain.” – Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, Verhoef et al. (1997)

“…for the management of low-back pain, chiropractic care is the most effective treatment, and it should be fully integrated into the government’s health care system.” – The Manga Report (1993)

For Headaches:
“Cervical spine manipulation was associated with significant improvement in headache outcomes in trials involving patients with neck pain and/or neck dysfunction and headache.” – Duke Evidence Report, McCrory, Penzlen, Hasselblad, Gray (2001)

“The results of this study show that spinal manipulative therapy is an effective treatment for tension headaches. . . Four weeks after cessation of treatment . . . the patients who received spinal manipulative therapy experienced a sustained therapeutic benefit in all major outcomes in contrast to the patients that received amitriptyline therapy, who reverted to baseline values.” – Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, Boline et al. (1995)

For the Elderly:
“[Elderly] chiropractic users were less likely to have been hospitalized, less likely to have used a nursing home, more likely to report a better health status, more likely to exercise vigorously, and more likely to be mobile in the community. In addition, they were less likely to use prescription drugs.” – Topics in Clinical Chiropractic, Coulter et al. (1996)

For Containing Costs and Getting Workers Back on the Job:
“The overwhelming body of evidence” shows that chiropractic management of low-back pain is more cost-effective than medical management, and that “many medical therapies are of questionable validity or are clearly inadequate.” – The Manga Report (1993)

First contact chiropractic care for common low back conditions costs substantially less than traditional medical treatment and “deserves careful consideration” by managed care executives concerned with controlling health care spending. – Medical Care, Stano and Smith (1996)

Popularity of Complementary and Alternative Medicine
“acupuncture..had a 200 percent increase in volume from 1999 to 2002, and chiropractic care..rose 91 percent in that three year period.” -Top Growth Areas in the Outpatient market, A report from Solucient, LLC

What People Say About Chiropractic

So what are the benefits of chiropractic, and what have others had to say about this area of medicine in the past? Let’s find out.

Former Secretary of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Sec. Principi talks about the “untapped opportunities” that chiropractic offers in speeding the healing of injured and disabled veterans. It was in January 2002 that President George W. Bush signed into law legislation that mandates that chiropractic services be made available to all veterans through the VA health care system.

An Investment That Is Smart

Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
During an appearance at ACA’s annual reception on Capitol Hill, Sec. Thompson talks about the need for increased funding of and access to preventive health care services such as chiropractic. He explains that chiropractic is cost-effective because it focuses on getting people well and keeping them that way. “That to me is an investment, an investment that is smart and something we should be doing more of,” he says.

Freedom of Choice in Health Care

U.S. Senate
Iowa is the birthplace of chiropractic and the home of Palmer College of Chiropractic, so it’s no surprise that Sen. Harkin has been a longtime supporter of the profession. He has come to the aid of doctors of chiropractic many times, including his efforts years ago to establish the Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine at the National Institutes of Health—where important research into chiropractic and other forms of alternative health care is conducted. Here he talks about the need for freedom of choice in health care…and the need for access to chiropractic specifically.

It’s the Cost-Effective Thing to Do

U.S. House of Representatives
Growing up in Minnesota, which happens to be the home of Northwestern University of Health Sciences’ chiropractic college, Rep. Ramstad had a great uncle who was a doctor of chiropractic, and so it’s no surprise that the congressman is supportive of the profession. He calls chiropractic “innovative care” that can save the government money: “It’s not only the right thing to do, it’s the cost-effective thing to do.”

Appropriate Services

U.S. Senate
As chairman of the Senate Committee on Veterans Affairs, Sen. Specter was an important ally to ACA in its efforts to pass legislation that would ensure access to chiropractic care for all veterans. He calls chiropractic “appropriate” services, and he says that “people who need chiropractic services should get them.” Most recently, ACA has been working to improve access to and reimbursement of chiropractic services in Medicare.

…They Want Chiropractic

U.S. Senate
The 51st Republican senator believes in health care choice for seniors. “Medicare beneficiaries should have access to the medical procedures they want…and they tell me over and over that they want chiropractic,” says Sen. Coleman. This is not surprising when one considers the number of people in this country that experience back pain. It’s a pervasive problem that costs billions of dollars per year in health care costs and lost productivity.

Focus on Results

U.S. House of Representatives
A former business CEO, Rep. Chocola believes results should be the measure of a treatment’s worth. For Chocola, the bottom line is that if chiropractic can increase quality of care, relieve pain and decrease costs, Medicare beneficiaries and others should have access to it.

Perform at Your Peak

Speed Skater, Olympic Medal Winner
Speed skater Derek Parra, who won both a gold and a silver medal at the 2002 Olympic Games in Salt Lake City, Utah, credits the support of his family and his doctor of chiropractic for giving him the strength to succeed when it counted most. Chiropractic, he says, helps him to perform at his peak in a sport where milliseconds can mean the difference between a win and a loss.

Patient, Maximize Life Chiropractic
This patient began chiropractic care after a bicycle accident during a race. Racing was his passion and he was worried he would never be able to race again due to the injury in his back. He went to a well-known facility, Maximize Life Chiropractic (website can be found here: https://www.maximizelifechiropractic.com) and after only 6 months of regular visits, he was able to compete in another race, and came in 3rd place out of over 150 competitors!


Chiropractic Education, Philosophy, Scope and more

Education of Doctors of Chiropractic

Doctors of Chiropractic must complete four to five years at an accredited chiropractic college. The complete curriculum includes a minimum of 4,200 hours of classroom, laboratory and clinical experience. Approximately 555 hours are devoted to learning about adjustive techniques and spinal analysis in colleges of chiropractic. In medical schools, training to become proficient in manipulation is generally not required of, or offered to, students. The Council on Chiropractic Education requires that students have 90 hours of undergraduate courses with science as the focus.

Those intending to become doctors of chiropractic must also pass the national board exam and all exams required by the state in which the individual wishes to practice. The individual must also meet all individual state licensing requirements in order to become a doctor of chiropractic.

An individual studying to become a doctor of chiropractic receives an education in both the basic and clinical sciences and in related health subjects. The intention of the basic chiropractic curriculum is to provide an in-depth understanding of the structure and function of the human body in health and disease. The educational program includes training in the basic medical sciences, including anatomy with human dissection, physiology, and biochemistry. Thorough training is also obtained in differential diagnosis, radiology and therapeutic techniques. This means, a doctor of chiropractic can both diagnose and treat patients, which separates them from non-physician status providers, like physical therapists. According to the Council on Chiropractic Education DCs are trained as Primary care Providers.

What is a Doctor of Chiropractic?
The proper title for a doctor of chiropractic is “doctor” as they are considered physicians under Medicare and in the overwhelming majority of states. The professional credentials abbreviation ” D.C.” means doctor of chiropractic. ACA also advocates in its Policies on Public Health that DCs may be referred to as (chiropractic) physicians as well.

Chiropractic Philosophy
As a profession, the primary belief is in natural and conservative methods of health care. Doctors of chiropractic have a deep respect for the human body’s ability to heal itself without the use of surgery or medication. These doctors  devote careful attention to the biomechanics, structure and function of the spine, its effects on the musculoskeletal and neurological systems, and the role played by the proper function of these systems in the preservation and restoration of health. A Doctor of Chiropractic is one who is involved in the treatment and prevention of disease, as well as the promotion of public health, and a wellness approach to patient healthcare.

Scope of Practice 
Doctors of Chiropractic frequently treat individuals with neuromusculoskeletal complaints, such as headaches, joint pain, neck pain, low back pain and sciatica. Chiropractors also treat patients with osteoarthritis, spinal disk conditions, carpal tunnel syndrome, tendonitis, sprains, and strains. However, the scope of conditions that Doctors of Chiropractic manage or provide care for is not limited to neuromusculoskeletal disorders. Chiropractors have the training to treat a variety of non-neuromusculoskeletal conditions such as: allergies, asthma, digestive disorders, otitis media (non-suppurative) and other disorders as new research is developed.

One practice that is well-known for its wide range of services and scope of treatments, BackAction, is located in Atlanta, GA. They have been widely recognized for their superior approach to chiropractic care.

A variety of techniques, treatment and procedure are used to restore healing which will be the topic of future education releases.

The History Behind Chiropractic

What is Chiropractic?

Chiropractic is a branch of the healing arts which is concerned with human health and disease processes. Doctors of Chiropractic are physicians who consider man as an integrated being and give special attention to the physiological and biochemical aspects including structural, spinal, musculoskeletal, neurological, vascular, nutritional, emotional and environmental relationships.

The practice and procedures which may be employed by Doctors of Chiropractic are based on the academic and clinical training received in and through accredited chiropractic colleges and include, but are not limited to, the use of current diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Such procedures specifically include the adjustment and manipulation of the articulations and adjacent tissues of the human body, particularly of the spinal column. Included is the treatment of intersegmental aberrations for alleviation of related functional disorders.

Chiropractic is a drug-free, non-surgical science and, as such, does not include pharmaceuticals or incisive surgery. Due regard shall be given to the fact that state laws, as well as the nation’s antitrust laws, may allow Doctors of Chiropractic to utilize ancillary health care procedures commonly referred to as being in the common domain.

History of Chiropractic

The roots of chiropractic care can be traced all the way back to the beginning of recorded time. Writings from China and Greece written in 2700 B.C. and 1500 B.C. mention spinal manipulation and the maneuvering of the lower extremities to ease low back pain. Hippocrates, the Greek physician, who lived from 460 to 357 B.C., also published texts detailing the importance of chiropractic care. In one of his writings he declares, “Get knowledge of the spine, for this is the requisite for many diseases”.

In the United States, the practice of spinal manipulation began gaining momentum in the late nineteenth century. In 1895, Daniel David Palmer founded the Chiropractic profession in Davenport, Iowa. Palmer was well read in medical journals of his time and had great knowledge of the developments that were occurring throughout the world regarding anatomy and physiology. In 1897, Daniel David Palmer went on to begin the Palmer School of Chiropractic, which has continued to be one of the most prominent chiropractic colleges in the nation.

Throughout the twentieth century, doctors of chiropractic gained legal recognition in all fifty states. A continuing recognition and respect for the chiropractic profession in the United States has led to growing support for chiropractic care all over the world. The research that has emerged from ” around the world” has yielded incredibly influential results, which have changed, shaped and molded perceptions of chiropractic care. The report, Chiropractic in New Zealand published in 1979 strongly supported the efficacy of chiropractic care and elicited medical cooperation in conjunction with chiropractic care. The 1993 Manga study published in Canada investigated the cost effectiveness of chiropractic care. The results of this study concluded that chiropractic care would save hundreds of millions of dollars annually with regard to work disability payments and direct health care costs.

Doctors of chiropractic have become pioneers in the field of non-invasive care promoting science-based approaches to a variety of ailments. A continuing dedication to chiropractic research could lead to even more discoveries in preventing and combating maladies in future years.